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Annotated Bibliography: Male Victims in Underserved Communities

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Considering multiple aspects of individuals’ identities and lived experiences allows for a clearer picture of crime victims’ unique needs and potential barriers to help-seeking. In this annotated bibliography, the Center for Victim Research Library collected research about male victims*, with sections on men from rural communities, Indigenous men, men and boys in criminal and juvenile justice systems, and undocumented immigrant men. While most articles in this bibliography focus  on heterosexual, cis, adult men, a few articles discuss emerging adults and youth.

*Barriers to service for men can include gendered stigmatization about who experiences violence and crime and who needs help. The language describing victimization can discourage help seeking, especially for people who may not see themselves as victims. This bibliography uses the terms male victims or male survivor, following the language used by each research article.


Searches were conducted in English in the CVR Library collection and Google Scholar. Results were limited to research in the United States and the bibliography is a not a comprehensive literature review. This bibliography contains systematic literature reviews, surveys, and program evaluations, with most documents published between 2014-2020. Topics include intimate partner violence, sexual assault, sexual abuse, and violent victimization such as robbery, aggravated assault, and assault with a weapon. Resources are grouped by sections about male victims in general and for populations covered. Articles are organized by the lead author’s last name. Contact the CVR Research Librarian for assistance locating additional articles.

Search Tips

Male: men, boys, masculinity
Crime: victimization, harm, violence, abuse, trauma, assault

View an example search in the CVR Library.


For the complete report with article links, download the full annotated bibliography:

thumbnail of male victims bibliography


See more CVR Annotated Bibliographies.

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